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EU Blue Economy Observatory

Maritime transport

The sector of Maritime transport includes the following sub-sectors: 

  1. Passenger transport: sea and coastal passenger water transport and inland passenger water transport;
  2. Freight transport: sea and coastal freight water transport and inland freight water transport;
  3. Services for transport: renting and leasing of water transport equipment. 

1 World Trade Organization - World Trade Statistical Review 2023

2 UNCTAD - Handbook of Statistics 2023

3 UNCTAD - Review of maritime transport 2023 

4 UNCTAD - Handbook of Statistics 2023

5 EUROSTAT - Maritime transport statistics 

6 EUROSTAT – Maritime passenger statistics 

7 EUROSTAT – Maritime passenger statistics

8 Thai, V., Rahman, S., & Ma, S. (2023). Editorial: Post-COVID-19 global trade and business environment and maritime supply chain. Maritime Business Review.

9 UNCTAD. (n.d.). Red Sea, Black Sea and Panama Canal: UNCTAD raises alarm about disruptions to global trade. Retrieved from

10 Transport and environment report 2022 Digitalization in the mobility system: challenges and opportunities

11 Global Marine Insurance Trends, IUMI 2023,